Gold prices now trade at their highest levels in almost seven years, as the economic impact of the COVID-19 epidemic in China has raised expectations for stimulus from global central banks to sustain economic growth, feeding talk of record $2,000-an-ounce prices and beyond for the precious metal.
“The markets are in the throes of a weird mix of safe-haven and speculative motivations,” said Brien Lundin, editor of Gold Newsletter. “The U.S. dollar and stock market are benefiting from an influx of global funds looking for security during the coronavirus uncertainty, but stocks domestically and worldwide are also joining gold and silver in expectation of central bank stimulus to counteract whatever the economic effects may be.”
“So, for now at least, fear and greed are combining to move most markets higher,” Lundin said on Wednesday.
Prices may hit a record level of $2,000 before the end of next year, he said. The timing of that would “keep the market from overheating and give investors more time to make more money in mining equities, which typically over leverage to gold’s moves.”
Based on records going back to November 1984, the record intraday level for most-active gold futures stands at $1,923.70 an ounce on Sept. 6, 2011, with the settlement record at $1,891.90 from August 22, 2011, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
Futures prices on Wednesday tallied a fifth consecutive session gain, with April gold GCJ20, +0.67% up $8.20, or 0.5%, to settle at $1,611.80 an ounce. The metal marked its highest settlement since March 2013.
The precious metal conquered the $1,600 level “as market players evaluate the global economic damage caused by the virus outbreak,” Lukman Otunuga, senior research analyst at FXTM, told MarketWatch. “With global growth concerns back on the table and speculation rising over central banks turning up the taps on looser monetary policy, gold is positioned to push higher.”
Gains for gold came despite a climb Wednesday in the S&P 500 SPX, +0.47% and Nasdaq Composite COMP, +0.87% to record intraday records.
Lundin believes “gold will do far more than beat that record.” Adjusting for inflation, in order to match the record of $850 set in January of 1980, gold would have to trade for about $2,805 in today’s dollars, he said.
“I think we’ll set a new record in real terms, exceeding $3,000, at some point over the next four years or so,” he said.
In a note Wednesday, commodity strategists at Citi said gold prices may see nominal highs of $2,000 an ounce in the next 12 to 24 months, according to Barron’s. For the shorter term, they upgraded their six- to 12-month target to $1,700 per ounce.
Prices had topped $1,600 an ounce on Tuesday for the first time since 2013. Lundin had attributed that move to “anticipation of the flood of central bank stimulus that is all but guaranteed by the effects” of the greater economic fallout from the coronavirus to date.
Read: Why gold prices topped $1,600 and may soon hit a more than 7-year high
Also see: Why silver prices may climb to their highest yearly average since 2014
The World Health Organization reported on Wednesday 75,203 confirmed cases of COVID-19, the new coronavirus that was first identified late last year in Wuhan, China. There have been at least 2,009 deaths from the virus, WHO said.
China has taken steps to boost its economy, and the People’s Bank of China reduced its one-year lending rate on Monday.
“Investors have revised down their expectations for interest rates in the US in a year’s time by 20 [basis points] since the virus outbreak on 20th January, presumably because they think that the [Federal Reserve] will respond in the same way as the PBOC,” said Simona Gambarini, markets economist at Capital Economics, in a note Wednesday. “That has prompted real bond (TIPS) yields in the US to fall well below zero. And since gold is a non-interest-bearing asset, it has benefited, as often happens, from lower real yields.”
However, Capital Economics believes the “rally in gold will end before long,” said Gambarini.
“We doubt that the outbreak will prompt the Fed to cut rates further,” she said. “The almost unchanged statement issued at the conclusion of the FOMC meeting on 29th January…suggests as much.”
Minutes from the January Federal Open Market Committee meeting released Wednesday after the gold futures settlement revealed that officials from the central bank believed the U.S. economy seemed stronger in late January than they had expected.
“Just last week, Fed policymakers said that, while they were paying attention to the economic risks of the outbreak, the virus has not altered their outlook for the US economy,” Gambarini said early Wednesday, ahead of the FOMC minutes. “In our view, the Fed would only loosen policy if there were evidence of significant economic costs at home, alongside a large and sustained drop in equity prices. So far there is little sign of either.”
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