Police bolster security at US Capitol as QAnon theory claims Trump will become president March 4

Capitol Police will beef up security this week at the Capitol building as a precaution against any potential extremist activity amid a far-right conspiracy theory that President Donald Trump will rise to power on March 4, the original inauguration day for presidents prior to 1933.

The acting sergeant at arms for the House of Representatives, Timothy Blodgett, informed members of Congress Tuesday of the increased security measures. 

The extra security is being promised two months after the Jan. 6 insurrection at the Capitol building that saw rioters attack police and threaten to kill members of Congress and former Vice President Mike Pence. Severalfollowers of the violent conspiracy theory movement QAnon have been arrested in connection to the riot, which was organized and carried out by largely white conservative Americans looking to restore Trump to power after his election loss in November by 7 million votes.

What is QAnon?

It’s unclear how many QAnon supporters support the March 4 inauguration theory and whether there will be any violence that day in Washington, D.C., or across the country in opposition to President Joe Biden’s election victory. 

Blodgett noted “the significance of this date has reportedly declined amongst various groups in recent days,” and that there was no indication that groups would be traveling to the capital. And experts on QAnon said leaders and influencers in the movement have dismissed, or at least downplayed, the importance of March 4 and have warned their followers not to attend any protests on that date.

“The most prominent and most vocal QAnon promoters are not on board with the March 4 date,” said Travis View, a QAnon researcher and host of the QAnon Anonymous podcast. “Setting up big for big events and flagging that something big is going to happen, and then nothing happens, is a years-long QAnon tradition.” 

In this file photo taken on Jan. 06, 2021, supporters of President Donald Trump, including Jake Angeli (C), a QAnon supporter, enter the Capitol in Washington, D.C. (Photo: SAUL LOEB, AFP via Getty Images)

A new conspiracy theory gains traction 

The March 4 theory began gaining traction after Biden’s inauguration on Jan. 20, QAnon experts said. When Trump left office on that day, and when the military tribunals and mass arrests of Democrats predicted by QAnon followers didn’t happen, some adherents gave up on their unfounded theories. But others began pushing a new narrative: That Trump would rise again on the nation’s original inauguration date, which was changed by the 20th Amendment.

The theory posits that no American president has been officially inaugurated since Ulysses S. Grant in 1869. The conspiracy theorists claim a law was passed in 1871 that secretly turned the United States into a corporation, making all presidents after Grant illegitimate.

The unfounded theory has its roots in the “sovereign citizen” movement, a separate but overlapping class of conspiracy theorists that claims among other things, that the federal government is illegitimate, sovereign citizens shouldn’t have to pay taxes, and that sheriffs represent the highest legal power in every county.

That some in the QAnon community have grasped onto this new theory isn’t unusual, View said, what is strange this time is that so many of the group’s leaders have rejected the significance of the March 4 date.

“QAnon is generally a pretty big tent conspiracy theory, where they’re not eager to shoot down the theories of their fellow believers,” View said. “But occasionally there are things that cross the line.”

March 4 is one such dividing line, View said. QAnon promoters don’t want the embarrassment of another failed prediction, he said. And they also don’t want to be associated with any criminal activity that might happen in Washington, D.C., or elsewhere on that date.

In this Jan. 6, 2021, file photo, President Donald Trump's supporters, including Doug Jensen, center, confront U.S. Capitol Police in the hallway outside of the Senate chamber at the Capitol in Washington. (Photo: Manuel Balce Ceneta, AP)

QAnon community not giving up hope

The QAnon movement began in 2017 with the discredited conspiracy theory that a cabal of powerful, Satan-worshipping Democrats, celebrities and bankers run a pedophile ring and kill and eat children to obtain a life-giving chemical called adrenochrome. The original theory claimed that Trump was chosen by military generals to run for president to confront this cabal and throwits members in prison in a cleanup known as “The Storm.”

The genesis of the theory, which borrows heavily from white supremacist and anti-Semitic propaganda, was a series of posts written by a user or users on anonymous internet message boards. The author, or authors, of the posts, which were usually written in semi-sensical riddles, signed off their screeds with a “Q,” a reference to a top-secret security clearance used by the federal government. 

There haven’t been any internet postings credited to Q since December. Trump is no longer president. QAnon followers have been banned from Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube and there are signs that the movement is struggling, though it’s impossible to say how many people still believe in the theory.

Still, Marilyn Mayo, a senior research fellow at the Anti-Defamation League’s Center on Extremism in New York, said it would be wrong to think that the QAnon community has given up.

Mayo said she saw a flare-up of hope and attention on online message boards and social media accounts linked to the community after Trump’s speech Sunday at the Conservative Political Action Conference. Trump reignited the claim that the election was rigged and hinted that he will run for president in four years.

“There’s renewed hope,” Mayo said. “A lot of people believe, without talking about a specific date, that Trump will be president, and that the military will somehow be involved.”

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